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Women, War and Work in the Ottoman Empire: Society for the Employment Women, War and Work in the Ottoman Empire: Society for the Employment

#smrgKİTABEVİWomen War and Work in the Ottoman Empire: Society for the Employment of Ottoman Muslim Women 1916 - 1923

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KARGO BEDAVA
9786059022439
183533
Women War and Work in the Ottoman Empire: Society for the Employment of Ottoman Muslim Women 1916 - 1923
Women War and Work in the Ottoman Empire: Society for the Employment of Ottoman Muslim Women 1916 - 1923 #smrgKİTABEVİ
Libra Kitap
391.00
World War I deeply altered the lives of Muslim Ottoman women. The Ottoman Army consisted only of Muslim men and war caused the death of one and a half million Muslim Ottoman men. The heavy losses of the Ottoman army meant that every day more and more dependants lost their breadwinners. When the breadwinner had gone to war, was wounded or died at the front; the wives, daughters, sisters and mothers they had left behind were faced with two options: to find work and make a living, or to starve to death...

On 14 August 1916, the Committee of Union and Progress (İttihâd ve Terakkî Cemiyeti), the ruling party of the Ottoman Empire, established a new society under the leadership of one of its leading figures: Vice-Commander and Minister of War, Enver Paşa. The Society for the Employment of Ottoman Muslim Women (Kadınları Çalıştırma Cemiyet-i İslâmiyesi) was a Unionist organization created to find employment for Muslim Ottoman women who were in urgent economic need. Within a matter of months, it received more than 14,000 applications and was soon employing 8,194 destitute Ottoman women in its braches and in the related state and military institutions. In time, it would offer jobs to an aggregate number of 20,000 women workers, and became the leading employer of Muslim Ottoman women in the Ottoman Empire.

This comprehensive work constitutes both a case study of Muslim Ottoman women during World War I, and a detailed analysis of the foundation, organization and activities of the Society for the Employment of Ottoman Muslim Women, created to find employment for them.

İçindekiler

A General Overview
World War I as a Total War
Nation and Gender
Casualties
Winners and Losers of World War I
The Great Britain: "Bring the Boys Back Home!"
France
The United States of America: "Yankees at War, Females at Work"
Australia and New Zealand: the "ANZAC"
Germany: "All Quiet on the Western Front"
Russia: "The Czar is Dead, Long Live the Bolsheviks!" and others: Austria-Hungary, Italy, Bulgaria, and Greece
The Post-War Period
The Ottoman Empire
Issues of Comparison

CHAPTER I: STRUCTURE OF THE SOCIETY
Introduction: Available Sources and Literature
Foundation
Members
Revenues and Expenditures
The Board of Directors
The Board of Members
The General Manager
The Board of Women
Changes in the Board of Directors and Congresses
The End of the Society

CHAPTER II: BRANCHES, PRODUCTION AND WORKERS
Branches
Production and Workers
Şevkiye: Portrait of a Woman Worker

CHAPTER III: WOMEN WORKERS' BRIGADE
Introduction
Advertisements
Registration and Personal Files
Building and Furniture
Personnel
Hierarchy among Women: Kâtibes and Me'mûres
Women Workers
Activities
Payments
Promotion
Marriage and Permissions
Health
Ceremony
Discipline, Disciplinary Committee, Crime and Punishment
Sexual Segregation
Uniforms and Ranks
Revisions
Photographs and Publications
Conclusion

CHAPTER IV: THE CAMPAIGN OF THE SOCIETY TO MARRY OFF WOMEN WORKERS
Introduction
Regulations on Marriage
Marriage Center
First Marriages
Marriage Advertisements
Male and Female Candidates
Mutual Expectations of the Candidates
Reactions of the Ottoman Press
Conclusion

CHAPTER V: THE SOCIETY, ORPHANS OF WAR AND ABANDONED CHILDREN
Introduction
The Campaign of the Society
"Il est mon frère!"
The Battle over the Custody of Orphans of War and Abandoned Children
Conclusion

CONCLUSION
APPENDICES
BIBLIOGRAPHY
INDEX

  • Açıklama
    • World War I deeply altered the lives of Muslim Ottoman women. The Ottoman Army consisted only of Muslim men and war caused the death of one and a half million Muslim Ottoman men. The heavy losses of the Ottoman army meant that every day more and more dependants lost their breadwinners. When the breadwinner had gone to war, was wounded or died at the front; the wives, daughters, sisters and mothers they had left behind were faced with two options: to find work and make a living, or to starve to death...

      On 14 August 1916, the Committee of Union and Progress (İttihâd ve Terakkî Cemiyeti), the ruling party of the Ottoman Empire, established a new society under the leadership of one of its leading figures: Vice-Commander and Minister of War, Enver Paşa. The Society for the Employment of Ottoman Muslim Women (Kadınları Çalıştırma Cemiyet-i İslâmiyesi) was a Unionist organization created to find employment for Muslim Ottoman women who were in urgent economic need. Within a matter of months, it received more than 14,000 applications and was soon employing 8,194 destitute Ottoman women in its braches and in the related state and military institutions. In time, it would offer jobs to an aggregate number of 20,000 women workers, and became the leading employer of Muslim Ottoman women in the Ottoman Empire.

      This comprehensive work constitutes both a case study of Muslim Ottoman women during World War I, and a detailed analysis of the foundation, organization and activities of the Society for the Employment of Ottoman Muslim Women, created to find employment for them.

      İçindekiler

      A General Overview
      World War I as a Total War
      Nation and Gender
      Casualties
      Winners and Losers of World War I
      The Great Britain: "Bring the Boys Back Home!"
      France
      The United States of America: "Yankees at War, Females at Work"
      Australia and New Zealand: the "ANZAC"
      Germany: "All Quiet on the Western Front"
      Russia: "The Czar is Dead, Long Live the Bolsheviks!" and others: Austria-Hungary, Italy, Bulgaria, and Greece
      The Post-War Period
      The Ottoman Empire
      Issues of Comparison

      CHAPTER I: STRUCTURE OF THE SOCIETY
      Introduction: Available Sources and Literature
      Foundation
      Members
      Revenues and Expenditures
      The Board of Directors
      The Board of Members
      The General Manager
      The Board of Women
      Changes in the Board of Directors and Congresses
      The End of the Society

      CHAPTER II: BRANCHES, PRODUCTION AND WORKERS
      Branches
      Production and Workers
      Şevkiye: Portrait of a Woman Worker

      CHAPTER III: WOMEN WORKERS' BRIGADE
      Introduction
      Advertisements
      Registration and Personal Files
      Building and Furniture
      Personnel
      Hierarchy among Women: Kâtibes and Me'mûres
      Women Workers
      Activities
      Payments
      Promotion
      Marriage and Permissions
      Health
      Ceremony
      Discipline, Disciplinary Committee, Crime and Punishment
      Sexual Segregation
      Uniforms and Ranks
      Revisions
      Photographs and Publications
      Conclusion

      CHAPTER IV: THE CAMPAIGN OF THE SOCIETY TO MARRY OFF WOMEN WORKERS
      Introduction
      Regulations on Marriage
      Marriage Center
      First Marriages
      Marriage Advertisements
      Male and Female Candidates
      Mutual Expectations of the Candidates
      Reactions of the Ottoman Press
      Conclusion

      CHAPTER V: THE SOCIETY, ORPHANS OF WAR AND ABANDONED CHILDREN
      Introduction
      The Campaign of the Society
      "Il est mon frère!"
      The Battle over the Custody of Orphans of War and Abandoned Children
      Conclusion

      CONCLUSION
      APPENDICES
      BIBLIOGRAPHY
      INDEX

      Stok Kodu
      :
      9786059022439
      Boyut
      :
      14x21
      Sayfa Sayısı
      :
      582 s.
      Basım Yeri
      :
      İstanbul
      Baskı
      :
      1
      Basım Tarihi
      :
      2015
      Kapak Türü
      :
      Karton Kapak
      Kağıt Türü
      :
      3. Hamur
      Dili
      :
      İngilizce
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